By Steven Runciman

Sir Steven Runciman's 3 quantity A historical past of the Crusades, one of many nice classics of English ancient writing, is now being reissued. during this ultimate quantity, Runciman examines the revival of the Frankish country on the time of the 3rd campaign until eventually its cave in a century later. The interwoven issues of the e-book comprise: Christiandom, the substitute of the classy Ayubites by way of the fewer sympathetic Mameluks as chief of the Moslem global, and the arrival of the Mongols. He contains a bankruptcy on structure and the humanities, and an epilogue at the final manifestations of the Crusading spirit.

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Additional resources for A History of the Crusades, Vol. III: The Kingdom of Acre and the Later Crusades (Volume 3)

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1 Frederick of Swabia, with the remnant of Barbarossa's army, arrived at Acre early in October} A few days later an English contingent landed at Tyre and came down to Acre. At its head was Baldwin, Archbishop ofCanterbury. 4 There was desultory fighting throughout the summer, each side awaiting the reinforcements that would enable it to take the offensive. The fall of Beaufort in July relieved men for Saladin's army, but he had sent troops to the north to intercept Frederick Barbarossa and they did not return till the winter.

419-24. 37 Creur-de-Lion When he passed near the litde Calabrian town of Mileto he tried to steal a hawk from a peasant's house and was very nearly done to death by the furious villagers. He was therefore in a bad temper when he reached the Straits of Messina a day or two later. His men met him on the Italian shore and conveyed him in pomp to Messina, where he landed on 3 September. The lavish grandeur of his entry was in sharp contrast with Philip' s modest arrival. As he passed through Italy Richard had learned of many things that displeased him about Tancred.

Dt. u, pp. 435-42· Richard's interview withJoachim ofFiore is given by Benedict (n, pp. 151-5), apparendy based on information by someone who was present. 1191: The English Fleet arrives off Cyprus four days later the Cardinal of Santa Maria in Cosmedin was consecrated as Celestine III. Henry of Hohenstaufen was in Rome at the time; and the new Pope's first action, under pressure, was to crown him and Constance of Sicily as Emperor and Empress. The French fleet made a good passage to Tyre where Philip was gladly welcomed by his cousin, Conrad ofMontferrat.

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