By Greg Robinson

The confinement of a few 120,000 eastern american citizens in the course of international struggle II, referred to as the japanese American internment, has been defined because the worst authentic civil rights violation of contemporary U. S. background. Greg Robinson not just deals a daring new figuring out of those occasions but in addition stories them inside of a bigger time-frame and from a transnational perspective.

Drawing on newly came upon fabric, Robinson presents a backstory of confinement that unearths for the 1st time the level of the yankee government's surveillance of eastern groups within the years top as much as warfare and the development of what officers termed "concentration camps" for enemy extraterrestrial beings. He additionally considers the aftermath of confinement, together with where of jap americans in postwar civil rights struggles, the lengthy flow by means of former camp inmates for redress, and the ongoing position of the camps as touchstones for national commemoration and debate.

Most remarkably, A Tragedy of Democracy is the 1st e-book to investigate authentic coverage towards West Coast jap americans inside of a North American context. Robinson reviews confinement at the mainland along occasions in wartime Hawaii, the place fears of jap american citizens justified military dictatorship, suspension of the structure, and the imposition of army tribunals. He equally reads the therapy of eastern americans opposed to Canada's confinement of 22,000 electorate and citizens of jap ancestry from British Columbia. A Tragedy of Democracy recounts the expulsion of just about 5,000 jap from Mexico's Pacific Coast and the poignant tale of the japanese Latin americans who have been abducted from their houses and interned within the usa. coming near near eastern confinement as a continental and overseas phenomenon, Robinson deals a very kaleidoscopic figuring out of its genesis and outcomes.

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Extra info for A Tragedy of Democracy: Japanese Confinement in North America

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Resident who had been educated in California and was thoroughly Americanized, attempted to take out citizenship papers. S. Supreme Court ruled on Ozawa’s petition for citizenship. The Court unanimously held that, as a member of the Japanese race, Ozawa was not Caucasian and thus could not be considered eligible for citizenship under the law. By upholding the existing barriers to naturalization against Japanese Americans, the Court’s decision solidified laws against land ownership for all categories of Asians.

Even such a liberal internationalist as Franklin D. 29 In 1924 Congress passed a new Immigration Act. It further reduced immigration quotas from each nation, to 2 percent of the population of those nationals in the United States in 1890, before mass immigration began. Under the leadership of Massachusetts senator Henry Cabot Lodge, a provision excluding all “aliens ineligible to citizenship” was added to the 1924 law. This provision clearly singled out Japanese immigrants, as previous legislation had already eliminated all other Asian immigration (apart from that from the Philippines, which as an American colony enjoyed unlimited entry for its residents).

They staged patriotic festivals, pushed the use of English, and reformed Japanese school curricula and textbooks. Meanwhile, with help from a small circle of white allies, they struggled vainly to oppose the anti-Japanese canards by issuing their own positive propaganda. They pointed out that the reproduction rate of ethnic Japanese on the West Coast was similar to that of whites in their age group, and they noted that more Japanese immigrants left the country than arrived during those years. Hoping to combat the bugaboo of dual citizenship for the Nisei, Japanese American representatives and their allies pointed out that the Nisei’s status as Japanese citizens was purely nominal and had no more significance than that of any other Americans who held foreign citizenship.

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