By Roham Afghani Khoraskani
This ebook offers the findings of an in depth learn to discover the habit of architectural glazing structures in the course of and after an earthquake and to strengthen layout proposals that would mitigate or perhaps do away with the wear inflicted on those structures. The seismic habit of universal sorts of architectural glazing platforms are investigated and explanations of wear and tear to every method, pointed out. in addition, reckoning on the geometrical and structural features, the last word horizontal load potential of glass curtain wall structures is outlined in accordance with the soundness of the glass elements. special cognizance is dedicated to the incorporation of complicated connection units among the constitution of the development and the development envelope method on the way to reduce the wear and tear to glazed elements. An cutting edge new connection gadget is brought that ends up in a fragile and sensible approach simply included into varied architectural glazing structures, together with these not easy greatest transparency.
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Additional resources for Advanced Connection Systems for Architectural Glazing (SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology)
The idea of using advanced connectors was to provide isolation between the envelope system and the structure and to dissipate seismic energy. Since light-weight cladding systems do not affect the dynamic behavior of the building, giving very little contribution to it, it is obvious that the energy dissipating approach on a building scale can only be carried out in heavy cladding systems. Goodno et al. (Ductile Cladding Connection Systems for Seismic Design NIST, Gaithersberg, 1998) provide a detailed study of different dissipating connection systems.
2005c). Cladding-structure interaction under impact loads. Journal of Structural Engineering, 131(8), 1178–1185. Thiel, C. , Bertero, V. , & McCann, R. (1986). Seismic energy absorbing cladding system: A feasibility study. In Proceedings, ATC-17 Workshop and Seminar on Base Isolation and Passive Energy Dissipation, ATC, San Francisco, CA, pp. 251–260. Wang, M. L. (1987). Cladding performance on a full-scale test frame. Earthquake Spectra, EERI, 3(1), 119–173. Wulfert, H. (2003). Earthquake-immune curtain wall system.
Studying the basic behavior and the mechanical governing equations for these systems shows that the shear storage modulus and the loss modulus of visco-elastic materials are generally dependent on excitation frequency, ambient temperature, shear strain and the material temperature. Having that said, it can be concluded that employment of these connection devices in building envelopes for seismic considerations will result in loss of adequate predictability due to the varying ambient temperature—which is in direct contact with the building envelope—and the uncertain behavior during an earthquake.