By Farrell, Jay
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Extra info for Aided Navigation
2 Deterministic Systems The kinematics of the vehicle naturally evolve in continuous-time. Therefore, the analysis and design process typically begins with the development of a continuous-time kinematic model for the vehicle. Various continuoustime model formats exist. The majority of this text will focus on the state space model format. Since navigation systems and optimal estimators are conveniently implemented in discrete-time on a computer, we will require discrete-time equivalent state space models of continuous-time systems.
CHAPTER 2. 8. The geoid height N is the distance along the ellipsoid normal from the ellipsoid to the geoid. The orthometric height H denotes the height of the vehicle above the geoid. It is also referred to as elevation. The altitude or geodetic height can be expressed as h = H + N . Great circles of a sphere pass through the center of the sphere and divide the sphere into two equal parts. For a point P on Earth’s surface, vertical circles are great circles on the celestial sphere that are perpendicular to the horizon for point P .
20) is the vector transformation between coordinate systems. This relation is valid for any vector quantity.