By Colin Renfrew, J. Malcolm Wagstaff
The Greek island of Melos within the Cyclades has been inhabited for a minimum of 5 thousand years. classes of its historical past are good documented: the overdue Bronze Age, whilst it supported a huge city centre at Phylakopi and the overdue 5th century BC, while as an self sufficient city-state it in short defied and used to be then destroyed via the expansionist energy of Athens. The case of Melos is therefore appropriate to the certainty of the methods of early state-formation and of the mixing of small-scale societies into better political devices. because the participants to this quantity convey, a small island offers a truly appropriate zone - in actual fact outlined, self-contained - during which to ascertain the procedures of social, cultural and monetary swap and the forces - occasionally sluggish and virtually imperceptible of their impression, occasionally surprising and dramatic - wherein adjustments are initiated.
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The Greek island of Melos within the Cyclades has been inhabited for no less than 5 thousand years. classes of its historical past are good documented: the overdue Bronze Age, while it supported a major city centre at Phylakopi and the overdue 5th century BC, whilst as an autonomous city-state it in brief defied and used to be then destroyed by way of the expansionist strength of Athens.
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Extra resources for An Island Polity: The Archaeology of Exploitation in Melos
From the outset such enthusiasm as there was for the conference amongst its principal international sponsors - Britain, the United States and France - depended upon their perception that it would afford opportunities to debate (and criticise) the economic and monetary policies of the other participants. 1 More importantly, it offered the chance to determine the future direction of British monetary policy and to press for the return of sterling to gold. This French interest was shared by the US Treasury and Federal Reserve, although the Americans also paid close attention to the evolution of the British tariff (the General Tariff was introduced in April 1932 and the Imperial Tariff in July 1932), an issue of little interest to France but which Germany recognised to be, for reasons which will become apparent below, of potential benefit to its plans to secure further debt concessions from its creditors.
CONFERENCE PREPARATIONS The Lausanne Conference established an Organising Committee for the Economic Conference under the chairmanship of the dull, but efficient British Foreign Secretary, Sir John Simon. 2 In the cautious, concise language which reflected his long legal career, Simon set out a clear, hierarchical structure for the conference preparations. 3 The real preparatory work was to be undertaken by the Preparatory Commission of 'experts'. They were instructed to use their expertise to define the conference agenda and to devise clear policies to which the conference participants (the politicians) could accede.
In a further assessment more indicative of the 'timidity' which sometimes characterised American economic foreign policy, the department concluded that 'for the time being Britain is completely in eclipse as the financial leader of the world. 36 A World Adrift 21 To save Britain from bolshevism, so the State Department argued, a strong recovery policy was needed and the question on every diplomat's lips was could it be provided by a National Government? The White House, in particular, lacked a coherent view of the British Labour party.